Employment growth over three decades

Employment and, consequently, unemployment is a focus point in the development of South Africa. Although South Africa has an average employment growth rate of 2.1% per annum between 1993 and 2020, the regional differences are evident. The map below shows the region focus of growth and the vast parts of the country with no employment growth or even where employment declined.

The map shows how many mining areas grew employment. This includes the mining areas of North West and Limpopo (platinum) and around Sishen (iron ore) and diamonds along the Namaqualand coast. However, there were sharp declines in employment in the gold mining areas of the Free State and West Rand in Gauteng.

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